What causes hantavirus pulmonary emerge?
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is an infectious disease caused by hantaviruses (Sin Nombre hantavirus in most of the US). Transmission occurs when direct or indirect (airborne) contact is made with the saliva or waste products of rodents that carry the virus, most commonly the deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus).
How does hantavirus affect the lungs?
Hantaviruses infect people when they are inhaled. If the virus reaches your lungs, it can infect the cells that line the tiny blood vessels in the lungs, causing them to become “leaky.” The leaky blood vessels allow fluid to fill the lungs making it difficult to breathe.
What type of infectious agent causes hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
Sin Nombre virus (SNV), as it is now known, is the primary agent responsible for Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) and the deadliest member of the Hantavirus family.
Who is most at risk for hantavirus?
People at Risk for Hantavirus Infection Anyone who comes into contact with rodents that carry hantavirus is at risk of HPS. Rodent infestation in and around the home remains the primary risk for hantavirus exposure. Even healthy individuals are at risk for HPS infection if exposed to the virus.
What organs are affected by hantavirus?
Hantavirus is a rare viral disease that can damage the heart, lungs and other organs so they cannot function properly. It is also called hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS). People get this illness when they inhale or come into contact with infected rodent droppings, urine or saliva.
What type of virus is the hantavirus?
Hantaviruses. Hantaviruses belong to the bunyavirus family of viruses. There are 5 genera within the family: bunyavirus, phlebovirus, nairovirus, tospovirus, and hantavirus. Each is made up of negative-sensed, single-stranded RNA viruses.
Where is hantavirus most common?
HPS is more common in South America than in North America. Cases have been identified in Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Paraguay, Brazil, and Bolivia. Andes virus causes HPS in Argentina and Chile and is the only hantavirus known to have been transmitted from person to person.
Is the hantavirus airborne?
The virus is mainly transmitted to people when they breathe in air contaminated with the virus. When fresh rodent urine, droppings, or nesting materials are stirred up, tiny droplets containing the virus get into the air. This process is known as “airborne transmission“.
Is the hantavirus fatal?
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) is a severe, sometimes fatal, respiratory disease in humans caused by infection with hantaviruses. Anyone who comes into contact with rodents that carry hantaviruses is at risk of HPS. Rodent infestation in and around the home remains the primary risk for hantavirus exposure.
How many individuals are diagnosed with hantavirus?
Key Facts: HPS is rare. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 728 cases of the illness were identified in the United States between 1993 and 2017. Cases of HPS have been identified in 34 states, with 96% identified in states west of the Mississippi River.
Is hantavirus a communicable disease?
Acute Communicable Disease Control Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome(HPS) is a rare but deadly lung disease that mainly spreads by inhaling a virus found in the droppings and nesting material of infected wild rodents. In California, HPS is usually found in deer mice.
Does the hantavirus go away?
What are the symptoms of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS)? Hantavirus causes different phases of symptoms as the infection progresses. The first stage of the disease is the incubation phase. It produces no outward signs. This phase can last up to 8 weeks after exposure to the virus. The second phase of early HPS symptoms develops quickly.
What does mice carry hantavirus?
Block access. Mice can squeeze through holes as small as 1/4 inch (6 millimeters) wide.