What are the biases in intelligence testing?
Intelligence tests contain cultural bias—they contain a strong bias that is in favor White, middle class groups; for example: (a) the tests measure knowledge and content that are more familiar to White, middle class Page 22 6 students than to diverse students; (b) the language on these tests is more familiar to White.
Is Intelligence Testing Fair?
Several culture fair intelligence tests have been developed over the years. However, research has shown that even these tests are not completely free of cultural bias. After all, it is not the tests that are discriminating, it’s the people interpreting the test scores.
What is a culturally fair intelligence test?
A culturally fair IQ test uses questions that are not culture specific. An immigrant who does not speak the native language would do poorer on an IQ test than a native person. They also may not fully understand all the cultural norms of that society. Raven’s progressive matrices are a culturally fair IQ test.
What three factors do most reputable intelligence tests have in common?
Reputable tests have three factors in common. They are all standardized, valid, and reliable.
How might intelligence tests be biased or unfair?
Tests can be biased in terms of impact (e.g., how they are used) and statistically. Tests can be biased if they treat groups unfairly or discriminate against diverse groups by, for example, “underestimating their potential or over-pathologizing their symptoms” (Suzuki et al., 1996, p.
What does bias of an IQ test mean quizlet?
An IQ test is “biased” against members of some group if the people in that group. do better in school than their scores predict they will.
Are intelligence tests inappropriately biased?
are intelligence tests inappropriately biased? aptitude tests aim to predict how well a test-taker will perform in a given situation. so they are necessarily “biased” in the sense that they are sensitive to performance differences caused by cultural experience.
What are two criticisms of IQ tests?
Criticisms have ranged from the claim that IQ tests are unfair to those who are disadvantaged, to the claim that the test items have changed little over the years, to the charge that IQ tests minimize the importance of creativity, practical intelligence, character, virtue, and morality, to the claim that all IQ test …
What is culture fairness?
Culture fair test is a test that is equally fair to all cultural groups. Fairness is related to a lack of bias in the interpretation or use of a test to classify or diagnose. In a culture fair test, the validity of the interpretation is similar across different cultural groups.
What are culture fair and culture biased tests?
Culture-fair tests: These tests are culturally appropriate, i.e., one does not differentiate between individuals belonging to different cultures. This includes non- verbal tests and performance tests. Culture biased tests: These tests show a bias to the culture in which they are developed.
What are some of the criticisms of intelligence test validity?
IQ tests are often criticized for being culturally biased. A 2005 study stated that IQ tests may contain cultural influences that reduce their validity as a measure of cognitive ability for Mexican-American students, indicating a weaker positive correlation relative to sampled white American students.
What tests eliminate cultural bias?
__________ tests try to eliminate cultural bias. Culture-fair tests are used because they are the best at predicting academic achievement.
Is there a bias in intelligence testing?
Running head: BIAS IN TESTING 1 Bias in Intelligence Testing Myrna Davis Washington University of the Rockies fBias in Testing 2 Abstract It is historical fact that early intelligence tests were normed primarily on Caucasian, middle-class populations.
Are intelligence tests culture-fair?
While intelligence tests claim to be culture-fair, none of the tests created so far are one hundred percent unbiased. As Serpell (1979) found, when asked to reproduce figures from using wire, pencil and paper, and clay, Zambian children performed better in the wire task, while English children performed better in the pencil and paper task.
Are pencil IQ tests biased against African-Americans?
Pencil and paper IQ tests may be intrinsically biased towards Western culture. Furthermore, while African-Americans have historically scored lower than white Americans on intelligence testing, this gap as been lessening in recent years (Dickens and Flynn 2006).
How do you test for cultural bias in research?
A simple test of cultural bias in such testing would be to give an indivual training in solving these types of problems, then re-testing. In another example, say a test designer used a principle from playing Chess in a question. Who plays chess?