What is it called when you shorten words?

Summing up: An abbreviation is a shortening of a word or a phrase. An acronym is an abbreviation that forms a word. An initialism is an abbreviation that uses the first letter of each word in the phrase (thus, some but not all initialisms are acronyms).

Do you only serve half your sentence?

Not necessarily. Many prison sentences require a portion of time is spent behind bars, with the rest served on licence in the community. These licences require offenders to abide by a set of rules, which could include bans from certain areas, or substance rehabilitation.

Is it bad to write long sentences?

A long sentence is tiring to the eye and requires more concentration. Long is bad; you need to come up for air. Sometimes, a longer sentence may be needed to break the pattern of medium and short sentences, but even then a long sentence should not be longer than about 50 words.

How effective are short sentences?

Think of the importance of sentence structure – short, simple sentences or truncated sentences can create tension, haste or urgency, whereas longer compound or complex sentences are slower, and often feature in formal texts.