What drug belongs to family Rubiaceae?
Economically important products of the family Rubiaceae include quinine, which is derived from the bark of Cinchona species; coffee, from the seeds of Coffea species; ipecac, from the roots of Carapichea ipecacuanha; gambier, a substance that is used in tanning, from Uncaria gambir; and kratom (Mitragyna speciosa).
What are the features of Rubiaceae?
The Rubiaceae are distinctive in being trees, shrubs, lianas, or herbs with simple, entire, usually opposite or decussate leaves and connate stipules, the stipules often with mucilage-secreting colleters, the inflorescence usually a cyme, flowers usually bisexual, the perianth dichlamydeous, perianth and androecium …
Which is the medicinal plant of family Liliaceae?
The economic importance of the plants belonging to the Liliaceae family are: Source of Medicine -Aloe vera, Smilax and Colchicine. Ornamental Plants -Lilium, tulips, Gloriosa and Ruscus.
What is family of Cinchona?
CinchonaceaeQuina / Family
What is the family of coffee arabica?
Madder familyCoffea arabica / Family
What family is tea in?
TheaceaeTea plant / Family
the plant family Theaceae, characterized by shrubs and trees having simple, alternate leaves, often showy flowers, and capsular, berrylike, or dry fruit, and including the camellia, franklinia, and tea.
Is Onion a Liliaceae?
Allium cepa (Liliaceae), also known as the bulb onion or common onion, is a vegetable and is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium, and probably originates from Central Asia (Messiaen and Rouamba, 2004).
Is Onion a Liliaceae family?
Liliaceae. Hint: Onion and garlic belong to family Allium cepa. Allium cepa belongs to the family liliaceae. The lily family is a characteristic representative of monocotyledonous plants.
Is cinchona a medicinal plant?
Cinchona officinalis is a medicinal plant, one of several Cinchona species used for the production of quinine, which is an anti-fever agent. It is especially useful in the prevention and treatment of malaria. Other alkaloids that are extracted from this tree include cinchonine, cinchonidine and quinidine.
What is the Rubiaceae?
Jump to navigation Jump to search. The Rubiaceae are a family of flowering plants, commonly known as the coffee, madder, or bedstraw family. It consists of terrestrial trees, shrubs, lianas, or herbs that are recognizable by simple, opposite leaves with interpetiolar stipules.
Are there any staple foods in the Rubiaceae family?
Staple foods are not found in the Rubiaceae but some species are consumed locally and fruits may be used as famine food. Examples are African medlar fruits (e.g. V. infausta, V. madagascariensis ), African peach ( Nauclea latifolia ), and noni ( Morinda citrifolia ).
Which Rubiaceae species have domatia?
Some Rubiaceae species have domatia that are inhabited by mites (viz. acarodomatia; e.g. Plectroniella armata ). An intimate association between bacteria and plants is found in three rubiaceous genera (viz. Pavetta, Psychotria, and Sericanthe ).
Which countries have the highest number of Rubiaceae?
The highest number of species is found in Colombia, Venezuela, and New Guinea. When adjusted for area, Venezuela is the most diverse, followed by Colombia and Cuba. The Rubiaceae consist of terrestrial and predominantly woody plants. Woody rubiaceous shrubs constitute an important part of the understorey of low- and mid-altitude rainforests.