What is special about the Golomyanka?
The body of the Baikal oilfish has another unique feature – it is smooth, without scales, which is also uncharacteristic of fish, especially in the northern latitudes. The oilfish has large fan-shaped pectoral fins, with their use the fish can rise closer to the water surface from the depth of 200-500 meters.
What do Baikal oil fish eat?
They primarily feed on the planktonic copepod Epischura baikalensis, the amphipod crustacean Macrohectopus branickii and larvae of sculpins, including those of their own species.
What kind of fish are in Lake Baikal in Russia?
Arctic graylingBaikal sturgeon
What is the biggest fish in Lake Baikal?
Acipenser baeri baicalensis Nikolski, 1896. From the evolution point of view, the Baikal sturgeon is the most ancient and the largest fish of Lake Baikal.
What lives in Baikal?
Other land-based species around Lake Baikal include bears, reindeer, elk, wild boar, Siberian roe deer, polecats, ermine, sable and wolves. American minks, imported from Canada, also live around Lake Baikal, according to Baikal World Web. More than 50 species of fish live in Lake Baikal, according to Baikal World Web.
Is Lake Baikal in Russia polluted?
One major source of pollution at Lake Baikal is the lack of sewage and water treatment facilities in the area, such that untreated water drains into the lake. Algal blooms appeared in Lake Baikal in the early 2010s, and their continued expansion threatens the biodiversity that the lake currently supports.
Is Lake Baikal good for fishing?
Fishing on Lake Baikal. Here you can still find the world-class fishing and natural beauty for which the lake is famous. Amazingly, guests can expect to catch pike up to 1.7 metres long and weighing up to 15kg. Perch, trout and lenok are also easy to catch.
What fish live in Lake Baikal?
What is wrong with Lake Baikal?
Despite its listing as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Lake Baikal continues to come under threat from industrial pollution, agricultural run-off and other environmental problems, including nearby mining activities and potential oil and gas exploration.
Is Baikal a freshwater lake?
It is also the world’s largest freshwater lake by volume, containing about one-fifth of the fresh water on Earth’s surface, some 5,500 cubic miles (23,000 cubic km). Into Lake Baikal flow more than 330 rivers and streams, the largest of which include the Selenga, Barguzin, Upper (Verkhnyaya) Angara, Chikoy, and Uda.
Can you drink the water from Lake Baikal?
Baikal is one of the few lakes on the planet in which, according to the standards, it is allowed to take water for drinking from open reservoirs. Water is extracted from special layers of the lake, which were on the surface of the lake hundreds of years ago, from a depth of 400m.