What causes inflammatory glaucoma?

What causes inflammatory glaucoma?

One type of inflammatory glaucoma is uveitic glaucoma. The patient will initially suffer from uveitis. There are many causes of uveitis, such as auto-immune disorders, Crohn’s disease, infections such as Lyme’s disease, Toxoplasmosis, Shingles, and lymphoma.

What is Uveitic glaucoma?

Uveitic glaucoma is a common complication of uveitis affecting some 20% of patients. The term uveitic glaucoma is used to describe glaucoma resulting indirectly or directly from uveitis. Glaucoma is more commonly associated with anterior uveitis and with chronic forms of uveitis.

What is hypertensive uveitis?

Hypertensive uveitis is when the intraocular pressure rises due to inflammation in the eye and can lead to optic nerve damage or glaucoma. Adequate control of inflammation can reverse the raised intraocular pressure to normal.

Is Posner-Schlossman Syndrome curable?

Posner-Schlossman Syndrome has long thought to be a “benign” disease; most patients are treated for attacks and recover without long-term sequelae.

Can inflammatory glaucoma be cured?

Usually, abating the ocular inflammation normalizes the IOP, but in refractory cases, antiglaucoma medications, surgical management, or cyclodestructive laser treatment of glaucoma may be required.

Does inflammation cause high eye pressure?

In chronic forms of uveitis, scar tissue can form over the drainage system of the eye from the inflammation and this can also lead to elevated eye pressure.

Does iritis increase IOP?

Uveitis can cause increased IOP when inflammatory debris obstructs the trabecular meshwork resulting in decreased fluid outflow from the eye. In the long-term, inflammation can also cause scar tissue that further obstructs fluid outflow.

What is malignant glaucoma?

Malignant glaucoma is a rare form of glaucoma that typically follows surgery in patients with primary angle closure and primary angle-closure glaucoma. In this paper, the clinical features, classification, pathogenesis, and principles of management are discussed.

How is acute angle closure treated?

The treatment of acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG) consists of IOP reduction, suppression of inflammation, and the reversal of angle closure. Once diagnosed, the initial intervention includes acetazolamide, a topical beta-blocker, and a topical steroid.

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What is posposner Schlossman syndrome (PSS)?

Posner-Schlossman syndrome (PSS), also called glaucomatocyclitic crisis, is a rare inflammatory glaucoma that was first described in 1948 and affects individuals ages 20 to 60 [1]. PSS classically presents as recurrent episodes of unilateral, transient elevations in IOP, ranging in the 40s to 50s mmHg.

Is this graph based on Posner and Schlossman (1948)?

This graph is modeled after a graph by Posner and Schlossman (1948) [1]. There was no evidence that his high IOP and inflammation were due to herpes simplex virus (HSV) (i.e., no history of skin lesions, corneal dendrites, transillumination defects, ciliary flush, or decreased corneal sensation).