How environmental Toxicology is responsible for health issues?
When humans are exposed to supra-optimal levels of these pollutants, they induce or contribute to a number of diseases such as cancer, reproductive disorders, respiratory diseases, and immune system injuries.
When was Environmental Health established?
In 1980, CDC established the Center for Environmental Health (CEH) to focus on solving health problems related to the environment.
What are the most common diseases affected by poor environments?
NCDs, such as stroke, heart disease, cancers and chronic respiratory disease, now amount to nearly two-thirds of the total deaths caused by unhealthy environments.
What are the five pillars of environmental health?
We present these factors according to the five pillars of environmental health. These pillars include: disease control, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), built environment, occupational health and food safety and hygiene (FSH).
Which of the following is the most common target organ of toxicity?
The liver is the primary site for the metabolism of many chemicals and drugs by the body and is also the primary site of potential toxic injury (hepatotoxicity).
What are 4 environmental health hazards?
To better understand them, we can think of them as falling into four categories: physical, chemical, biological, and cultural.
What are three environmental diseases?
Examples include: Chemicals in cigarettes are known to cause lung cancer. Exposure to asbestos, an insulating material found in some older buildings, can cause tumors, lung cancer, and other diseases. Wood-burning stoves and poorly vented gas ranges can produce smoke or gases that can cause breathing problems.
What is Wartenberg’s syndrome?
Introduction. Wartenberg’s Syndrome is described as the entrapment of the superficial branch of the radial nerve with only sensory manifestations and no motor deficits. In this condition,the patient reports pain over the distal radial forearm associated with paresthesias over the dorsal radial hand.
Where does the radial nerve exit Wartenberg’s syndrome?
Wartenberg’s Syndrome. The superficial branch of the radial nerve passes along the front of the radial side of the forearm, beneath the brachioradialis muscle. The superficial branch exits from between the brachioradialis and extensor carpi radialis longus muscles about 9cm proximal to the radial styloid process.
What nerve causes Wartenberg’s sign?
The Wartenberg’s Sign occurs due to a low ulnar nerve injury and consists of an abduction of the fifth finger which is caused by an unopposed ulnar insertion of the extensor digiti quinti. The supe r ficial sensory branch arises from the radial nerve in the proximal forearm.
What is the difference between Wartenberg’s syndrome and De Quervain’s syndrome?
The pain is increased by flexion/extension and is more proximal than the pain associated with De Quervain’s Syndrome. Treatment for Wartenberg’s Syndrome includes activity modification in the form of avoiding tight bands and watches. Conservative treatment usually achieves a positive result 70% of the time.