How is blue diaper syndrome inherited?
Blue diaper syndrome is a rare disorder inherited as an autosomal recessive trait although X-linked recessive inheritance has not been completely ruled out. Genetic diseases are determined by two genes, one received from the father and one from the mother.
What is Drummonds syndrome?
Blue diaper syndrome is a rare, autosomal recessive metabolic disorder characterized in infants by bluish urine-stained diapers. It is also known as Drummond’s syndrome, and hypercalcemia. It is caused by a defect in tryptophan absorption.
What causes blue diaper syndrome?
Hypercalcemia and nephrocalcinosis are associated with a defect in the intestinal transport of tryptophan. Bacterial degradation of the tryptophan leads to excessive indole production and thus to indicanuria which, on oxidation to indigo blue, causes a peculiar bluish discoloration of the diaper.
What is pink diaper syndrome?
A case study and subsequent literature review has concluded that absent signs of clinical infection, breastfeeding should continue normally when mother and baby are diagnosed with Red Diaper Syndrome (pink-colored breast milk and pink-colored soiled diapers) caused by Serratia marcescens, an opportunistic bacteria.
Is Lesch Nyhan syndrome dominant or recessive?
Lesch-Nyhan syndrome is inherited as an X-linked recessive genetic disorder that, with rare female exceptions, most often affects males. The symptoms of Lesch-Nyhan syndrome include impaired kidney function, acute gouty arthritis, and self-mutilating behaviors such as lip and finger biting and/or head banging.
How can Hartnup’s disease be treated?
Treatment of Hartnup Disease (a B-complex vitamin very similar to niacinamide). People may take nicotinamide to treat attacks. People who have Hartnup disease also should avoid sun exposure as well as antibiotics that contain sulfonamides.
What are Urates in newborns?
Urate crystals are made up of uric acid, an end product of normal metabolism. Babies are born with a high blood uric acid level because of the amount they get across the placenta, and this is quickly excreted in the urine and stool.
Why is there orange in my baby’s diaper?
Urate crystals (commonly called “brick stain” by doctors) are a combination of calcium and urate, substances normally found in urine. Crystals of the substance often form, leaving a red-orange stain in your baby’s diaper — which can be alarming for parents!
Can people with Lesch-Nyhan syndrome walk?
People with Lesch-Nyhan syndrome usually cannot walk, require assistance sitting, and generally use a wheelchair. Self-injury (including biting and head banging) is the most common and distinctive behavioral problem in individuals with Lesch-Nyhan syndrome.